Parasol

UV-Exposure Tracker

Parasol aims to give users accurate and detailed information to prevent further skin damage. It includes an attachable UV filter for smartphones that lets users identify UV exposure on specific areas of their body. The data collected by the attachable device can be synced and stored on a mobile application.

Project Details

Time Frame Team Members
9 weeks 4
Personal contributions
  • Research Survey
  • Concept Development
  • Mobile Prototyping
  • Competitive Assessment
  • User Flow
  • User Testing

Challenge

Skin cancer is the most common and most easily preventable form of cancer among American adults. UV exposure has been linked to premature skin aging, skin damage, and skin cancer. How can we create a personal product that will quantify and track UV exposure to minimize the risk of skin disease and damage?

Approach

To conduct our research, we used a survey, literature review, and competitive analysis to provide background information and answer specific research questions .

Literature Review What is the relationship between UV index, UV exposure, and skin cancer?
Survey Who is concerned about UV exposure? Under what conditions are people concerned about UV exposure?
Competitive Assessment What kinds of products are already on the market? What sort of new technologies we may be able to utilize when creating our own product?

Key findings

  • There are a variety of factors that contribute to skin cancer risk, including genetics, medical history, and environmental factors that make essentially all skin types susceptible to skin cancer
  • People with type I and II skin on the Fitzpatrick Scale are more likely to get melanoma
  • Higher risk factor does not seems to reflect of their UV exposure prevention behavior
  • Most participants did not use sunscreen unless they were going to be outdoors for an extended period of time

Ideation

We started out by brain storming as many ideas as possible. We grouped these into six clusters, and threw out the ideas that weren't technologically feasible or did not meet the design requirements based on our research.

Design Requirements
  • Encourage users to build healthy habits in relation with their UV-exposure.
  • Prompt users to start self-management of skin-health care.
  • Allow the capability of implementing it in existing technology that users already have.
  • Reinforce good behavior with positive feedback.
  • Offer a more useful device that doesn’t just measure uv-exposure.
Final Concept

We made more detailed sketches of the six main concepts. In order to narrow it down to the final concept, we evaluated each design's potential advantages and disadvantages and chose the design that proved to be the most portable and most easily adoptable.

Design

UV-Scan Attachment

The UV-scan is an attachable device that can determine the UV-index with a quick scan of the user’s skin. This device can be attached to any smartphone device. Users will be able to operate it through an application on their smartphone. Once the device is paired with their phone, they simply need to point and scan their skin to immediately detect the amount of UV exposure. Then, users will receive detailed information about their UV exposure on their device along with suggestions in case of skin damage. Users will be able to access monthly/weekly reports based on the data recorded by the device such as, date, time, location, UV-index, and average amount of UV-exposure.

Design decisions

Why use a smartphone?

The scanner is incorporated into the user’s mobile device by using a camera filter and mobile app, because information from our surveys suggested that users’ concerns about UV exposure were specific to particular locations or activities. The goal was to increase portability by incorporating the scanner into technology the user already be carries with them. Moreover, the filter itself can be attached to a keychain or other accessory.

Why focus on “changes over time”?

From our competitive assessment, we found that most UV-tracking apps are simply glorified timers that remind the user when to reapply sunscreen. By creating a personalized application that tracks habits and changes over time, the user and their health care provider can get a better sense of how their skin is changing over time.

Why ask for personal information on skin type and habits?

By tracking personal information such as habits and skin type, the application can better assess how much time you should be spending in the sun, how often you should reapply sunscreen, and what types of habits you should be encouraging (wear higher SPF, wear a hat, etc)

Mobile App User Flow

We mapped out the architecture of the mobile app before building a prototype using Balsamiq.

Prototype

Evaluation

We performed a usability test using our Balsamiq prototype to quickly identify problem areas in the user flow or information architecture of the application. We performed 4 testing sessions with different participants. Each session was conducted individually and video-recorded. We asked each participate to complete four tasks using think-aloud protocol and recorded their answers.

Balsamiq prototype

Sample screens

Tasks

Each task conveys crucial areas in relation to what kind of information they need to access to after scan their skin in order to get a better understanding of their current UV exposure.

  1. Login using Facebook and go through the setup process.
  2. From the home page go to your settings and choose change your skin type.
  3. From the home page take need the option to take a picture (scan their skin)
  4. From the home page access the photo library and check information of one of the pictures.
Recommendations
  • Group camera access with other navigation buttons.
  • Simply saving photo by not making "Add tags" a separate screen with a separate save button.

Features

Keychain-attachable case

We included a case with the lens in order to prevent scratches and attached it to a keychain to make it easily portable your keys and phone.

Magnet-attachable lens

This would also allow the user to attach it to either primary or front-facing camera and accomodate different models of smartphone cameras.

Tagging system

In order to provide user a more customized measurement of their skin, we ask them to add tags when taking a pictures such as clothes they wearing, activities they doing and SPF type they applying. By collecting these data, we can calculate the different vulnerability under different situations. Moreover, tagging system can also provide users a chance to trace back to their activities later on.

Face/Arm Template

The icons for selecting the templates are located at the top bar menu. The highlighted icon indicates which template they are using to scan their skin.Using template allows the app to make comparisons of specific skin areas.

Reverse Front Cam

Users will be able to switch between the front and rear cameras so they can capture images of their face or other area of their body.

Detailed History

Users can access their UV-tracking history based on both time and geographic location. By looking through and comparing their past UV exposure records and pictures, user can get an intuitive and overall understanding of what they did in the past and how they could better manage their skin.

Picture Gallery

This is an way for users to upload and compare UV exposure history from existing photos.